The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a comprehensive pedestrian safety program for elementary (kindergarten through grade 6) school bus riders. Existing materials, crash data and state laws/regulations on school bus pedestrian safety were reviewed, and a list of 113 behaviors to be included in the program was developed. The major behavioral categories were: getting ready for school, walking to/from the bus stop, waiting at the bus stop, crossing to the bus, boarding the bus, riding the bus, exiting/crossing from the bus and evacuating the bus. The resultant program contains materials for teachers, parents and bus drivers. They include separate "Teacher's Guides" for each of the seven grade levels. Incorporated in the program for children are two previously produced NHTSA videos: "Stop and Look with Willy Whistle" and "Walking with Your Eyes" and one newly developed video titled "Willy Whistle Rides the School Bus". A course poster completes the classroom materials. Parent materials include a video titled "School Bus Safety Starts at Home" and a brochure titled "Reminder to Parents...School Bus Safety Starts at Home". Bus driver materials include a video titled "When They're Not on the Bus" and a brochure titled "They're Pedestrians When They're Not on the Bus". Two promotional pieces (a flyer and an 8-page brochure) were prepared to assist NHTSA in marketing the program. All student materials were evaluated in the East Ramapo Central School District, Spring Valley, New York, using a pre-post design with a comparison site. Statistically significant improvements were achieved in critical knowledge and skills as a result of student participation in the program.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, D.C.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Dunlap and Associates, Incorporated

    1010 Summer Street
    Stamford, CT  United States  06905-5503
  • Authors:
    • CLEVEN, A M
    • Blomberg, R D
  • Publication Date: 1994-12


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 6 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00719522
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-808 266, DA94-1 (631)
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-92-C-05316
  • Files: HSL, NTL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 28 1996 12:00AM