WINTER VEHICLE TRACTION AND CONTROLLABILITY PERFORMANCE
Snow and ice conditions have been considered the main factors that contribute to reduced vehicle traction forces and potential traffic accidents during winter seasons. To increase a vehicle's traction forces on snow and icy surfaces, studded and non-studded winter tires have been used in cold regions. However, use of studded tires causes significant pavement damage, such as accelerated pavement rutting and pavement marking damage. Since the spring of 1994, Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities has requested that the Transportation Research Center conduct several research studies related to vehicle traction performance on snow and icy surfaces in Alaska. The study summarized in this report concentrated on the following aspects: traction performances of used winter tires on traveling roads; traction performance comparison of lightweight studded tires with other winter tires; traction performance of vehicles with two front studded tires; impacts of tire wear, pavement surface temperature, and Tyre Grip on vehicle traction; vehicle controllability performance tests; impacts of vehicle type on traction performance. This report summarizes the study and presents research results.
- Sponsored by Alaska Dept. of Transportation and Public Facilities, Juneau, Engineering and Operations Standards.
University of Alaska, FairbanksInstitute of Northern Engineering, P.O. Box 755910
Fairbanks, AK United States 99775-5900
- Lu, J J
- Publication Date: 1995-8
- Pagination: 62 p.
- TRT Terms: Automated vehicle control; Defects; Driving; Pavements; Snow and ice control; Snow tires; Studded tires; Traction; Winter
- Uncontrolled Terms: Lateral loads; Pavement damage
- Subject Areas: Highways; Pavements; Vehicles and Equipment; I91: Vehicle Design and Safety;
- Accession Number: 00719143
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: INE-TRC-94.04
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Mar 20 1996 12:00AM