Efforts to develop nonmotor travel in the United States have increased over the past several years, though few studies have examined the travel behavior of nonmotorists. This study examines data from the 1990 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS) to explore nonmotor travel behavior in the United States. Individuals in the 1990 NPTS were classified as nonmotorists, motorists, or mixed-mode travelers (who used both motorized and nonmotor transportation) based on their travel in the 24-hour period of the NPTS survey. Nonmotorists were more likely to be under 21 or over 65 years old. They were less likely to be employed, less likely to be licensed drivers, and less likely to live in households with at least one motor vehicle, as compared with mixed-mode travelers and motorists, but were more likely to live in central cities. A comparison of nonmotor and motorized (automobile) trips found nonmotor trips were shorter in distance and less likely to be taken for work. Pedestrians and bicyclists, and the characteristics of walking and bicycling trips, were also compared. Results of the analyses suggest it would be beneficial to concentrate efforts to improve travel conditions for the existing population of nonmotorists in central cities where more nonmotor trips take place. Planners should consider the needs of young travelers, the elderly, and people with limited incomes when designing transportation improvements to aid nonmotor travel. Motorists should be encouraged to walk or bicycle for some of their non-work-related trips, to increase the proportion of nonmotor trips relative to motorized trips.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 75-82
  • Monograph Title: Bicycle and pedestrian research
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00715591
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309061644
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 16 1996 12:00AM