Transportation constitutes an important part of national economy, and exerts considerable influence on this. The social advantages and disadvantages of traffic are analysed. It is stated that the increase in accidents is due to the change from public to private transport. It is mainly cyclists, motorcyclists and pedestrians who are at high risk. From 1950 to 1972, the accident risk was halved, and Sweden now has the lowest but one traffic mortality rate in the world. Traffic safety is enhanced by avoidance of conflict, separation and differentiation of traffic, standardisation of traffic systems, introduction of safety measures on vehicles and roads, and traffic control. Environmental aspects such as road salt corrosion, vibration, air pollution, noise, and the effect on the landscape, are discussed. Energy consumption can be reduced by economic use of transport, speed restrictions etc. Traffic policy and the legal basis, structure and form of traffic planning are discussed. New means of transport are examined. The influence of urban structure on the traffic system is discussed, as well as the principles which govern the planning of traffic networks. Traffic planning methods are examined. Desirable changes in the philosophy of traffic planning are set out. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:


    Goeteborg 3,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • KORNER, J
  • Publication Date: 1975


  • Swedish

Media Info

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00133713
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 4 1982 12:00AM