An efficient allocation of fixed equipment among routes in a bus network can be primarily achieved by choosing appropriate headways or frequencies on each route. An interesting exercise arises when the allocation of additional equipment is likely to result in significant ridership attraction from competing services. In this case, models that take into account the operating environment and the nature and extent of competing services on different routes are needed to estimate the demand response to various headways and to allocate additional equipment efficiently. In this paper, a model that allocates buses among various lines based on a realistic correlation between bus headways and demand for bus service is proposed and applied to the case of the bus transit operation in the city of Beirut, Lebanon. The transit authority in Beirut runs a limited bus network with a small fleet that will be expanded on over the course of the coming 2 years. Competing mass transit services in Beirut include private jitneys operating over an extensive network as well as limited private bus fleets. In this paper, the allocation of additional buses in the bus transit operation in Beirut is addressed. A variable demand representation was applied in the bus allocation model and necessitated a data collection effort to identify the potential for ridership attraction from competing services. The model was then applied based on an incremental analysis and with cost-recovery considerations in order to allocate efficiently the additional buses to the existing network.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 68-74
  • Monograph Title: Public transportation 1995: current research in planning, management, technology, and ridesharing
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00714922
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309061741
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Dec 15 1995 12:00AM