FOOT-ANKLE INJURIES: INFLUENCE OF CRASH LOCATION, SEATING POSITION AND AGE

As a basis for future countermeasures, an epidemiology study has been undertaken in which Swedish accident data from Folksam Insurance was used. The database consists of 805 foot-ankle injuries out of 57,949 car occupant injuries reported from 1985 to 1991. The influence of crash location, seating position and occupant age is determined for the frequency and relative risk of foot-ankle injury in car crashes. Frontal car crashes produce 76 percent of the AIS 2-3 foot-ankle injuries with 13 percent in side impacts and 8 percent in roll-overs. The relative risk of AIS 2-3 foot-ankle injury is 13.9 per 1000 injuries in all crash locations and is similar irrespective of seating positions. The relative foot-ankle injury risk is significantly greater (p<0.01) in near oblique-frontal crashes than for 12 o'clock frontals. For drivers in 11 o'clock and front passengers in 1 o'clock, the relative risk is 27.8 per 1000 injuries as compared to 17.5 for drivers and front-passengers in 12 o'clock crashes.

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  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00714755
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 20 1995 12:00AM