This article reviews French car parking policies and measures taken to reduce serious parking shortages in cities, especially the use of urban underground space for parking facilities. Originally, parking at ground level was a natural mode of parking in city centres and other urban areas. As existing parking areas became insufficient in the 1960s, off-street parking was introduced, but, in the late 1970s, regulations were introduced restricting the use of ground-level parking space. Underground car parks then evolved in France, benefitting from the lessons learned from ground-level parking. However, they face their own dificulties, because of the presence of other underground structures and services, and sometimes also because of unfavourable ground conditions and underground water. Constraints on underground car parks occur in: (1) the design stage; (2) the construction phase; and (3) the operational phase. The article finally discusses: (1) alternative approaches to the planning and design of car park facilities, including public-private participation; (2) car park costs; (3) parking needs and public policy; and (4) car parks for the future.

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    The Boulevard, Langford Lane
    Kidlington, Oxford  United Kingdom  OX5 1GB
  • Authors:
    • GODARD, J-P
    • TAREAU, J-P
  • Publication Date: 1995-7


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00714485
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 27 1995 12:00AM