This paper discusses the technology, economics, and politics of cleaner fuels for buses. It attempts to: (1) explain why very slow progress has been made towards the use of cleaner fuels; (2) find out who pays for the environmental benefits of using cleaner fuels; and (3) consider what incentives bus operators have to compete with the 'green and clean' car. The already available, working cleaner fuel technologies are: (1) natural gas and methane, including compressed natural gas; (2) electric power, in pure or hybrid battery form; and 3) biofuels, such as rapeseed oil derivatives. However, each of these technologies has various problems. The capital cost of using these alternative fuel vehicles will be higher, but some trials are being supported by the Department of Transport (DoT), and extensive funding is available through European Commission programmes such as LIFE and THERMIE. Environmental gains from the use of clean fuels will enormously benefit their non-users also. With volume, greener vehicles will cost less. Politically, operators need to formulate their environmental policies, and an integrated transport policy, involving buses, seems likely to arrive. However, bus operators will need some incentives to 'go clean'. For the covering abstract see IRRD 874487.

  • Corporate Authors:


    1A CHAPEL STREET, PRESTON  United Kingdom  PR1 8BU
  • Authors:
    • Armitage, A
  • Publication Date: 1995


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00714462
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 27 1995 12:00AM