AIR AND KNEE BOLSTER RESTRAINT SYSTEM: LABORATORY SLED TESTS WITH HUMAN CADAVERS AND THE HYBRID III DUMMY

To evaluate the crash protection afforded unbelted drivers in airbag-equipped vehicles, six laboratory sled tests were conducted with a production driver's side airbag and knee bolster restraint system but without a seatbelt restraint system. Four human cadavers and the Hybrid III dummy were used as occupants in 32 km/h and 48 km/h tests with a simulated mid-size vehicle. Head contact with the windshield/header region of the simulated vehicle and abdominal impingement on the lower rim of the steering wheel were noted in all tests. Autopsy examinations and radiographic images identified extensive spinal and thoracic trauma in addition to lower extremity and facial injuries. The evidence suggests the need to emphasize the use of seatbelts in conjunction with airbags and to develop a redesigned airbag and knee bolster system to control occupant kinematics and loading more effectively.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

    428 East Preston Street
    Baltimore, MD  United States  21202
  • Authors:
    • Crandall, J R
    • KUHLMANN, T P
    • Pilkey, W D
  • Publication Date: 1995

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00713905
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 13 1995 12:00AM