RESTRAINT EFFECTIVENESS, AVAILABILITY AND USE IN FATAL CRASHES: IMPLICATIONS TO INJURY CONTROL

The effectiveness and benefits of occupant restraint systems are compared by seating position in motor vehicles. While safety belts are 42 percent effective in preventing fatalities, the addition of the driver side airbag provides a 12 percent increase in effectiveness. The implications of safety belt use and airbag availability over the next decade are considered for fatal injury prevention. The analysis includes theoretical relationships and forecasts fatality prevention as lap-shoulder belt use increases and airbags phase into the vehicle fleet.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

    428 East Preston Street
    Baltimore, MD  United States  21202
  • Authors:
    • Viano, D C
  • Publication Date: 1995-4

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00713902
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 9 1995 12:00AM