Metropolitan Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, is located on Luzon Island and consists of four cities and 13 municipalities. In the 1960s and 1970s incomes were on the increase and the popular pedicabs (the local term for bicycles with sidecars that serve as nonmotorized taxis) of the 1950s were increasingly motorized (this motorized version of the pedicab is called a tricycle). However, the almost extinct pedicabs reappeared during the early 1980s at the time of the Ferdinand Marcos economic downturn and quickly regained popularity. Though not favored by government officials, pedicabs are popular with some residents and account for about 20% of all vehicle traffic in areas of nonmotorized vehicle (NMV) use. The pedicabs are joined by other NMVs such as handcarts, bicycles, and calesas (two-wheeled horse-drawn carriages). All of these NMVs have been on the increase recently, in part because of the structurally weak Philippine economy. As long as the unemployment situation does not improve and urban migration in not controlled, NMVs will provide a source of employment and means of livelihood. The number of poor people in metro Manila has been increasing in the past few years with little sign of abatement, and this has coincided with an increase in the number of pedicabs. Consequently, the national and local governments need to address this issue through balanced transport planning and the provision of a low-cost NMV transportation infrastructure.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 90-98
  • Monograph Title: Nonmotorized transportation research, issues, and use
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00713612
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309061504
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Nov 28 1995 12:00AM