ANALYSIS OF TARGET CRASHES AND ITS COUNTERMEASURE ACTIONS
This paper summarizes some of the results of a three-year project that was undertaken by the Research and Special Programs Administration's Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (Volpe Center) to: (a) identify crash causal factors and applicable intelligent transportation systems (ITS) countermeasures; (b) model crash scenarios, and avoidance maneuvers; (c) provide preliminary estimates of countermeasure effectiveness when appropriate; and (d) identify research and data needs. Eight target crash types were examined: rear-end; backing; lane change and merge; single-vehicle roadway departure; opposite direction; signalized intersection, straight crossing path; unsignalized intersection, straight crossing path; and left turn across path crashes. This paper identifies target crash subtypes and causal factors determined during a case-by-case examination of a sample of crashes drawn from two National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) accident databases; defines and categorizes ITS countermeasure system concepts; and includes a sample of kinematic models representing crash-avoidance actions.
- Record URL:
Washington, DC United States 20036
- Najm, W G
- Mironer, M S
- Fraser, L C
- Intelligent Transportation: Serving the User Through Deployment. Proceedings of the 1995 Annual Meeting of ITS America.
- Location: Washington, D.C.
- Date: 1995-3-15 to 1995-3-17
- Publication Date: 1995
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: p. 931-940
- TRT Terms: Countermeasures; Crash causes; Crash types; Crashes; Intelligent transportation systems; Rear end crashes; Safety
- Uncontrolled Terms: Accident avoidance
- Subject Areas: Highways; Operations and Traffic Management; Public Transportation; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment; I80: Accident Studies;
- Accession Number: 00711370
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: NTL, TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 5 1995 12:00AM