The purpose of this manual is to give airport personnel the information necessary to develop and implement an effective bird control program for their airport. As the risk of bird strikes is different at each site, the management at each site will also be different. The seriousness of a bird hazard problem is affected by (1) the geographic location, (2) the attractiveness to birds, (3) the air traffic density, and (4) the type of aircraft. Collisions of birds (commonly reported as bird strikes) and mammals with aircraft have occurred since the early days of aviation. The first recorded loss of a human life in an aircraft crash caused by a bird occurred in 1912. Since then, the speed and the number of aircraft have greatly increased and so have the incidents involving bird and mammal collisions. With the advent of turbine power in the fifties, increasing hazards resulting from bird ingestions in turbine engines made the problem much more serious. Furthermore, military aircraft flying at higher speeds at lower altitudes were consequently exposed to more birds, which also represents a serious problem in today's flight environment. Sections A through E of this manual deal with Airports Group Policy, pertinent legislation, roles and responsibilities, as well as in-flight interactions between birds and aircraft. Sections F through N are mostly dedicated to wildlife control management practices at airports, consisting of available long-term and short-term control measures to keep problem birds and mammals off airport property and the immediate surroundings. Each airport is unique in that it will have its own set of problem birds and mammals. Wildlife control is as much an art as it is a science, and the information contained in this manual will provide a starting point for wildlife controllers at airports to manage existing wildlife and habitat problems.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This is a working document, which will be updated and revised as new developments in airport wildlife control are recorded and disseminated to the various agencies operating in the area of aviation safety.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transport Canada, Airports Group

    Safety and Technical Services, 18C, Place de Ville
    Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N8,   Canada 
  • Publication Date: 1994-10


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: v.p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00713484
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TP11500E
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 2 1995 12:00AM