HUMAN AND ENVIRONEMENTAL FACTORS IN ALCOHOL-RELATED TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS

This study will attempt to define a cross section of all alcohol related traffic accidents, including general modalities of the event. The study universe chosen was Barnalillo County in New Mexico. The area has a higher than average alcohol consumption rate and fatality rate. The population is unique in its racial makeup. The study was conducted over a 2-year period, starting July, 1972. The research had a multi-level design. At the first level of study was concentrated on a subpopulation totalling 200, from the total alcohol-involved population indentified from police records. The third level was restricted to 15 accidents from the above population which was treated as clinical case studies. The alcohol-involved driver is male, young, disproportionately Spanish or native American origin, unmarried, a manual worker, and often has no driver's license. The accident typically involves a single driver in a single vehicle striking a fixed object on or off the roadway. It occurs late at night, at fairly low speed. The location is generally the open urban roadway. The vehicle is typically old, in a poor state of maintenance and repair. Human error almost always precipitates the accident. The most common errors are lack of comprehension, misjudgment, improper driving and speeding. It would be valuable to compare the general patterns above with a valid control group of drivers involved in the same accidents, but who had not been drinking. Alcohol accidents are modally quite different from the general vehicle accidents. The current report's statistics are preliminary, though selective. (MW)

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs, Traffic Safety.
  • Corporate Authors:

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • May, G W
    • BAKER, W E
  • Publication Date: 1974

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 129-145
  • Serial:
    • Baker, WE
    • Publisher: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00132163
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Proceeding
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Nov 23 2001 12:00AM