ANALYSIS OF THE ACCIDENTS ON MOTORWAYS CLASSIFIED IN CARS AND LORRIES
ANALYSE VON AUTOBAHNANFOELLEN NACH PKW- UND LKW-BETEILIGUNG
Starting from the results of an accident study, one examines if the lorries and the cars are involved in accidents in a different way. The study covers 1075 accidents occurring from 1969 to 1972 on a stretch of motorway 21 km long. These accidents, wherein 472 lorries and 1814 commercial cars were involved, had been the object of an official report by the police. The analysis has led, among others, to the following results: On the stretch in question, the participation of lorries in accidents is relatively low compared to the number; The relative proportion of the lorry drivers and the car drivers who, according to the police, have caused the accident is more or less equal. The lorries and the cars are distributed differently in accordance with the different accident types. The drivers of the cars loose relatively more often the control of the vehicle inasmuch as they have not chosen a speed adapted to the situation. If two groups of vehicles are involved in collisions, the drivers of the cars rather collide with vehicles in congested areas, whereas the lorry drivers rather collide with vehicles which slow down or drive more slowly. The lorries are involved more often but also in another way in accidents due to overtaking. The consequences of accidents are much more serious for the occupants of cars than for lorry occupants. The results show that different proportions of cars and of lorries have an influence on accidents.
- Bruhning, E
- Hippchen, L
- Publication Date: 1975-5
- Features: References; Tables;
- Pagination: 16 p.
- TRT Terms: Automobiles; Crash investigation; Crash rates; Crash severity; Crash types; Trucks
- Subject Areas: Highways; Motor Carriers; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00132125
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Oct 29 1977 12:00AM