THE DESIGN OF AN EMERGENCY MEDICAL UNIT

The need for design for disaster, and specifically, for Energency Medical Services at the scene of accidents, is extremely critical for at least two major reasons: (1) According to the annual statistics of the National Safety Council: "Accidents in 1973 killed 120,000 Americans and injured 420,000." (2) Rescue organizations lack proper facilities to provide energy care at the scene to the seriously injured in the 10-30 minute time gap critical to their survival following the trauma. Based on statistics of the National Safety Council, Doctor Peter Safar of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, specialist in Emergency Medical Services has concluded: "If the skills and knowledge of modern medical science could be immediately available to our citizens, 25% of all accidental deaths could be prevented." In New York, according to the State Department of Health, 70,000 persons die each year from accidents and heart diseases. Potentially as many as 17,500 of these deaths could be prevented. To help prevent these deaths the communities have to set up reliable emergency services. At worst, emergency medical services mean rushing the seriously injured to the hospital with or without treatment. At best, emergency medical services mean a system composed of ambulance services, fire departments and law enforcement agencies, the Civil Defense and the Red Cross organizations. After investigation it appeared that these organizations are well coordinated, equipped and staffed but lack the basic facilities to provide an efficient service for more than two patients at a time during the 10-30 minute time gap critical to their survival. The existing facilities provided for emergency medical services are either ground-based ambulances, helicopters or field hospitals.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the American Association of Automotive Medicine.
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Association for Automotive Medicine

    801 Green Bay Road
    Lake Bluff, IL  United States  60044
  • Authors:
    • Malassigne, P
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1975

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 10 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00132043
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 5 1976 12:00AM