TECHNIQUES FOR THE ANALYSIS OF CAUSAL FACTORS IN ROAD ACCIDENTS
The author first draws attention to the paucity of investigations into accident causation and discusses the complexity of the problem. A table shows the relative contribution to accidents of a number of causal factors. It is pointed out that a multidiciplinary approach is, in the long term, the only viable method of investigation. Causal factors are classified and analyzed, and an example is given of a method that is based on data from department of the environment statistics, police records, vehicle examiners reports, examination of the accident site and independent reports. The choice of criteria for judging the performance of the variables is discussed; these include road user factors, environmental factors and vehicle factors. After setting out guidelines which should be followed when choosing causal factor categories, the author concludes by underlining that the paper is concerned with techniques rather than results and infers that the study is essentially a multidisciplinary problem; that various levels of analysis are possible which must be related to resources, purpose and potential benefits; that is is important to set out the criteria that are adapted; and that accident causation analysis consists, to an extent, of subjective considered judgements. The number of the covering abstract of the seminar is IRRD Abstract No. 210307.
- Proceeding of a PTRC Road Accident Seminars, June 21-23, 1972, London, England.
Planning and Transport Res and Computation Co Ltd167 Oxford Street
London W1R 1AH, England
- CLAYTON, A B
- Publication Date: 0
- Features: References;
- TRT Terms: Crash causes; Crash investigation; Crash reports; Environmental impacts; Human factors; Multidisciplinary teams; Traffic crashes; Vehicle characteristics
- Subject Areas: Environment; Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00133504
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 3 1976 12:00AM