PREPARATION FOR MODEL TESTING SINGLE POINT MOORING TERMINALS
Presently, single point mooring terminals are assuming many forms. All configurations of such terminals, however, are intended to do the essential function of all shipping terminals, to provide a safe, secure facility for the transfer of ships' cargoes. The purpose of any single point mooring terminal is to provide such a facility, but these do so in a manner such that a mooring device, attached from the bow area of the ship to a rotatable connection point on the terminal, allows the ship to weather-vane 360 degrees about the terminal, according to the dictates of wind, sea and current. Unlike the terminal facilities in habors, at piers, etc., the ship is allowed to move freely within a very large area and is restrained from moving out of this area by a strong, highly elastic mooring system. The various mooring concepts used to provide this elasticity result in the differences seen in the configuration of the terminals. Single point mooring terminals have been proven to be a reliable means for transfer of liquid cargoes, primarily crude oils and petroleum products, but also for slurried materials. They are normally placed a few miles from shore in relatively remote areas, away from shipping lanes and busy harbors. A pipeline system on the seabed connects the terminal to a shore based storage/preparation facility. Over 90 percent of the single point mooring terminals installed are based on the concept of a catenary moored buoy, commonly referred to as a single buoy mooring, or SBM. This was the first employed and continues to be most frequently selected. The concept of a Single Anchor Leg Mooring (SALM) has been shown to be highly satisfactory and indicated to be very suitable for deep water. Mooring towers, too, have been successfully used for offshore terminals, and other concepts are under construction and consideration. The several configurations of single point mooring terminals are further described.
- Presented at the Los Angeles Metropolitan Section Meeting of SNAME.
Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers601 Pavonia Avenue
Jersey City, NJ USA 07306-2907
- Reid, W R
- Publication Date: 1976-3
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 26 p.
- TRT Terms: Anchoring; Moorings; Offshore terminals; Single point moorings
- Old TRIS Terms: Model scaling
- Subject Areas: Marine Transportation; Terminals and Facilities;
- Accession Number: 00139960
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Oct 6 1976 12:00AM