SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF HIGHWAYS

This report highlights the effects that modern highways have on individuals, communities, and regions. A narrative portion synthesizes some of the experience gained in highway impact studies during the past 15 years. The report includes abstracts of studies completed during the past 5 years, a brief description of impact studies underway, and an index by author and research agency and by subject matter. The report offers tentative conclusions on several aspects of highway experience. For example, residents and businesses displaced by highway right-of-way are generally being relocated satisfactorily. However, residents in close proximity to highways may have noise, air pollution, or safety problems, and these disadvantages may be reflected in lower property values. Accessibility effects of highways, unlike proximity effects, are ordinarily positive. The benefits of highway accessibility often outweigh the disadvantages of highway proximity, even for residential property. Whether benefits or disadvantages occur near highways depends primarily on the land use involved. Industrial or commercial uses along highways ordinarily benefit. Some uses, such as residences, may be bothered by highway proximity. Some activities such as schools, churches, and hospitals may benefit enough from highway accessibility and visibility to justify locating near highways. Development near highways resembles the unsatisfactory situation in general land use planning except that conflicts near highways are more pronounced and wasteful. The apparent scarcity of freeway frontage compared with space needed for activities that benefit from freeway proximity suggests the need to preclude incompatible uses (e.g. houses) from locating along freeways.

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 250 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00138590
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-018 985
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Sep 4 1976 12:00AM