GROUND WATER POLLUTION FROM SUBSURFACE EXCAVATIONS

The basic mechanisms of groundwater pollution are described, government waste disposal practices are outlined, and current waste disposal practices are reviewed. Ground water pollution resulting from the injection of fluids into the earth, the extraction of fluids from the earth, and aspects of groundwater pollution resulting from construction and use of wells are considered. Emphasis is placed on the subsurface emplacement of industrial wastes by well injection. Wells used in conjunction with oil exploration and production, solution mining, geothermal energy production, sewage treatment, desalination, radioactive waste disposal, underground gas storage and water exploration and production are also considered. Injection into fresh water aquifers, as well as pollution form other subsurface excavations such as lagoons, basins, pits, septic systems, landfills, sewer leakage, tank and pipeline leakage are discussed. In each instance, the scope of the problem is defined, the environmental consequences are examined, and potroleum products from underground pipelines and tanks, and from tanks of solid radioactive wastes are also covered.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Environmental Protection Agency

    Office of Air and Water Programs, 401 M Street, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20460
  • Publication Date: 0

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 217 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00138291
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: EPA-430/9-73-012
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 3 1976 12:00AM