DISPOSAL OF ORGANOCHLORINE WASTES BY INCINERATION AT SEA
The first officially sanctioned incident of ocean incineration in the United States occurred aboard the M/T Vulcanus in the Gulf of Mexico from October 1974 through January 1975 under an ocean dumping permit issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the authority of the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972, as amended, to the Shell Chemical Company in Deer Park, Texas, for ocean incineration of organochlorine wastes. The report describes the monitoring activities undertaken to evaluate ocean incineration as a disposal method. A total of 16,800 metric tons of waste were incinerated at a maximum rate of 25 metric tons per hour with a 1200 deg C minimum and a 1350 deg C average flame temperature. Stack gas emissions were monitored for plume dispersion characteristics and to determine combustion efficiency. The findings indicate that more than 99.9 percent of the wastes were oxidized. Marine monitoring surveys indicate that there was no measurable increases in concentrations of trace metals and organochlorides in the water and marine life. Results of the project indicate that ocean incineration of waste disposal should be considered along with other disposal methods including direct ocean disposal, land disposal, and land incineration.
Environmental Protection AgencyOffice of Water and Hazardous Materials
Washington, DC United States 20460
- Wastler, T A
- Offutt, C K
- Fitzsimmons, C K
- Des Rosiers, P E
- Publication Date: 1975-7
- Pagination: 238 p.
- Accession Number: 00138022
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Environmental Protection Agency
- Report/Paper Numbers: EPA-430/9-75-014 Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jul 22 1976 12:00AM