FUTURE SCENARIOS FOR URBAN TRANSPORTATION
The author finds that, between 1972 and 1990, urban passenger miles will greatly increase. This increased demand will be met by a particular modal split. Presently, these modes have certain characteristics. Unless the internal combustion auto meets the statutory emission standards, it will cause more air pollution harm than the diesel bus and electrified modes. Using total energy consumption comparisons, the internal combustion auto that meets DOT suggested fuel economy standards for 1980 (19.6 mpg) is twice as energy intensive as the diesel bus, three times as energy intensive as rapid rail and the electric bus, and five times as energy intensive as the electric car and the advanced GRT. If 47% of all urban travel is made on electrified modes in 1990, 1.6 billion barrels of petroleum can be saved, at a cost of 1.7% increase in anticipated electricity demand. The author concludes that to decrease energy consumption, improve urban air quality, and improve urban transportation, strategies should be aimed at achieving a transit and electric intensive modal split. Opportunities for action include (1) strongly supporting HR 8800, which, if passed, will appropriate $160 million for 5 years to the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) for Electric Vehicle R and D; (2) working in cooperation with ERDA to develop an urban private passenger electric vehicle and improved battery powered electric bus.
Urban Mass Transportation AdministrationOffice of Research, Development and Demonstration
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Leahy, M P
- Publication Date: 1975-8
- Pagination: 120 p.
- TRT Terms: Air pollution; City planning; Demand; Diesel engines; Electric buses; Electric power; Electric power supply; Electric vehicles; Electrical systems; Energy conservation; Energy consumption; Exhaust gases; Forecasting; Fuel conservation; Fuel consumption; Internal combustion engines; Modal split; Mode choice; Passengers; Propulsion; Rapid transit; Research; Street railroads; Transportation; Transportation planning; Travel demand; Urban transportation
- Old TRIS Terms: Electric power demand; Energy intensiveness; Transportation research
- Subject Areas: Administration and Management; Energy; Operations and Traffic Management; Planning and Forecasting; Research; Transportation (General);
- Accession Number: 00137418
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-RDD-9-75-1 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: RDD-9
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Sep 16 1981 12:00AM