GROUND STABILIZATION: REVIEW OF GROUTING AND FREEZING TECHNIQUES FOR UNDERGROUND OPENINGS

The ground stabilization techniques of grouting and artificial freezing are reviewed. General grouting considerations are discussed including selection of grouts and techniques of injection. Materials for both particulate and chemical grouts are described along with their influence on ground properties and advantages and disadvantages. Artificial ground freezing is discussed in terms of techniques of freezing, strength-deformation and thermal considerations, and advantages and disadvantages. Selected case histories which illustrate the application of grouting and freezing to tunnel and shaft construction are briefly summarized.

  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

    Urbana, IL  USA  61801

    Federal Railroad Administration

    Office of Research and Development, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  USA  20590
  • Authors:
    • Lenzini, P A
    • Bruss, B
  • Publication Date: 1975-8

Media Info

  • Pagination: 87 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00136913
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: UILU-ENG-75-2017 Final Rpt., FRA-ORD/D-75-95
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-FR-30022
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jul 22 1976 12:00AM