TRANSPORT AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE NEW CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE. CHAPTER 11. GEOPOLITICS, TRANSPORT AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE SOUTH SLAV LANDS

This chapter discusses the transport and regional development of the former Yugoslavia in relation to political, historical and geographical factors. From 1845 to 1945, transport developments were shaped mainly by external European politico-economic forces, and detailed by local environmental constraints. The following 45 years in a federal Yugoslavia were characterised by economic and social policies that were at first centralist, but later became devolved to alleviate regional disparities. There was a fundamental reappraisal of available transport modes, as a result of: (1) increased personal mobility; (2) improved living standards; (3) technological changes; (4) migrations between rural and urban areas; (5) structural shifts in employment. As the interaction between different communities was extended and intensified, there were dramatic changes in the absolute and relative shares of rail, road and waterborne modes of passenger and freight transport. Both the unitary and local transport systems were largely disrupted from 1991 on, when civil war broke out in Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina. Future material and social progress will depend on how far these communities are physically linked to each other, and functionally integrated with broader European transport systems. For the covering abstract see IRRD 865881.

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    BELHAVEN PRESS

    25 FLORAL STREET, COVENT GARDEN
    LONDON,   United Kingdom  WC2E 9DS
  • Authors:
    • Thomas, C
  • Publication Date: 1993

Language

  • English

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  • Accession Number: 00668248
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 1-85293-270-8
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Nov 2 1994 12:00AM