TRANSPORT AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE NEW CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE. CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW

This introductory chapter provides a broad survey of the relationship between transport and economic development in Central and Eastern Europe, during their transition from Communist to market-based economies. The countries concerned are evolving at different speeds, from varied points of departure, with varying degrees of upheaval. The influence of political and economic restructuring on transport includes: (1) new organisational and management structures; (2) new linkages and routes; (3) new equipment and technology; (4) both qualitative and quantitative upgrading of infrastructure and services. The following problems are inherited from the Communist period and hinder many contemporary transport developments: (1) poor infrastructure maintenance; (2) inferior technology; (3) organisational and structural obstacles and bottlenecks; (4) neglect of human resources; (5) mobility constraints; (6) fiscal problems; (7) neglect of environmental considerations; (8) imbalanced investments. As a result, there has been some short-term deterioration of transport infrastructure. Several tables are given, summarising Central and Eastern European transport data for different modes of passenger and freight transport, usually from 1977 to 1989 or 1990. There is a brief discussion of the components of economic restructuring, including privatisation and the economic consequences of reform. For the covering abstract see IRRD 865881.

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    BELHAVEN PRESS

    25 FLORAL STREET, COVENT GARDEN
    LONDON,   United Kingdom  WC2E 9DS
  • Authors:
    • HALL, D
    • KOWALSKI, J
  • Publication Date: 1993

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00668241
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 1-85293-270-8
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Nov 2 1994 12:00AM