AN EQUITY EVALUATION MODEL FOR URBAN MASS TRANSPORTATION: AN ASSESSMENT OF THE SPATIAL AND SOCIAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF BENEFITS AND COSTS
This report deals with the distribution question, i.e., the distribution of resources among members of society. Public investment decision-making in the provision of impure goods (those public goods which intrinsically incorporate a spatial dimension) is discussed and a public investment model which describes investment issues as both a production and a distribution question is presented. Then, an alternative public investment model, the Equity Evaluation Model (EEM) which examines public investment as a distribution question, is examined. The mathematical foundation of distributional analysis, particularly the link between aggregate and distributional analysis, is discussed. The three stages of the EEM are detailed which special attention to the selection of a proper equity criterion by which competing public projects are to be evaluated. A case study application of the EEM is presented through the examination of the geographic setting of Pittsburgh and the alternative public projects, three mass transit proposals. The social and economic environment of Pittsburgh region is described and the results of conventional benefit/cost evaluations of the projects are presented. The distribution of benefits and costs is determined for each of the three proposals using the EEM. Net change in the distribution of real income is calculated and evaluated in terms of equity. The projects are compared and the most equitable project, according to the author, is chosen. Finally, the concepts of the report are integrated with an imphasis on an understanding of the key role played by spatial forces in the distribution of real income. The model is evaluated in terms of methodological soundness and its overall appropriateness to the equity paradigm. Future applicability of the model is discussed.
- Sponsored by the Urban Mass Transportation Administration.
Pennsylvania State University, University ParkPennsylvania Transportation Institute, Transportation Research Building
University Park, PA United States 16802
- Hodge, D C
- Publication Date: 1974-11
- Pagination: 221 p.
- TRT Terms: Benefit cost analysis; Decision making; Equity (Justice); Evaluation; Investments; Mathematical models; Public policy; Social values; Traffic distribution; Urban transportation
- Uncontrolled Terms: Public interest
- Subject Areas: Economics; Highways; Policy; Public Transportation; Society;
- Accession Number: 00133452
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: UMTA-PA-11-0010-74-4Univ. Res.
- Contract Numbers: PA-11-0010
- Files: TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Jun 5 1981 12:00AM