This paper presents a standard methodology for calculating gaseous emissions from Australian transport. The paper defines methods for estimating annual emissions of greenhouse and noxious gases from mobile sources due tofuel combustion and fugitive releases (fuel evaporation and air-conditioner refrigerant leakage). Emission factors are presented for air transport, passenger cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles, railways, and marine transport. Emissions from miscellaneous off-road mobile engines, military transport and pipeline distribution are also covered. As an example of the methodology, an emissions inventory for the Australian transport system is compiled for 1993. The inventory is used to derive approximate environmentaldamage costs due to noxious transport emissions and approximate control costs for carbon dioxide emissions from transport. The derived costs are used to illustrate how the ability to readily calculate transport emission inventories can contribute to the assessment of the trade-offs between theeconomic, environmental and social aspects of transport reform. The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors, and do not necessarilyrepresent those of the Bureau of Transport and Communications Economics.(a) For the covering entry of this conference, see IRRD abstract no 861490.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 411-28

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00674952
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • ISBN: 0-7325-0660-3
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 28 1995 12:00AM