In this paper the general characteristics are defined of the recent land-use-transport interaction models developed ultimately from the work of the Centre for Land Use and Built Form Studies and the Martin Centre. The general form is referred to as the 'Martin Centre Model'. The Martin Centre Model is characterised by a generalised approach integrating an input-output framework, a spatial distribution model, and a microeconomic approach to land prices and utilities of location. The strengths of this approach include: a) the scope for transport to influence the location of activities; b) the interactions between land-using activities themselves, and between them and the supply of land and/or buildings; and c) the ability to evaluate a wide range of alternative or complementary policies, in the land-use and transport fields. The weaknesses can be divided into two broad classes: first, the problems of calibrating a complex model which generates many variables for which observed data may be available; second, when the model is successfully calibrated, whether its assumptions and behaviour are reasonable, especially from the point of view of land- use and transport planners using it in practice. Problems of both kinds are particularly marked when the calibration of the model and its behaviour over time is considered. A number of these problems are considered, and suggestions are made about some future areas of 'research into practice' that may overcome or avoid them. (A)

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  • Publication Date: 1994-9


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 00671221
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: TRL
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jan 24 1995 12:00AM