ASSESSING THE EFFECTS OF JOINT ORIENTATION AND ROCK MASS QUALITY ON FRAGMENTATION AND OVERBREAK IN TUNNEL BLASTING

It is well known that rock mass properties exert considerable influence on the process of fragmentation. Observations in a model study and field study using conventional bulk blasting were compared in order to determine the effects of rock mass quality and joint orientation on fragmentation and profile control in tunnel blasting. It was observed in the study that blast results such as average fragment size and depth and cross-sectional area of broken zone were considerably influenced by the joint orientation. Accordingly, it is concluded that larger-capacity loading equipment and deeper blast holes are required in formations with joint planes perpendicular to the tunnel axis. However, the number of blast holes should be greater in the case of joints parallel to the tunnel axis. Furthermore, the powder factor (kg/cu m) is found to be directly related to the rock mass quality (Q). Optimization of pull and charge per round is required for efficient blasting in weak formations. The use of the contour blasting technique seems to be essential in poor and fair rock masses in order to minimize the overbreak, reduce the support cost, and improve the stability of the opening. (A)

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    Elsevier

    The Boulevard, Langford Lane
    Kidlington, Oxford  United Kingdom  OX5 1GB
  • Authors:
    • CHAKRABORTY, A K
    • JETHWA, J L
    • PAITHANKAR, A G
  • Publication Date: 1994

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00669881
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 23 1994 12:00AM