SECURING WHEELCHAIRS: CHILD SAFETY AND HOME-TO-SCHOOL TRANSPORT

Concern is increasing in the USA about the securing and transport of children in wheelchairs on school buses. This concern has been prompted by moves from manufacturers to put disclaimers on their products stating that they do not recommend the product be tied down with the user for transport as the chairs have not been crash-tested. This trend is not restricted to the USA, and poses significant problems for school transport organisers. Should pupils be refused transport - at the risk of legal action on the grounds of discrimination or failure to comply with Education Law, or should they be allocated a place on the bus - at the risk of legal action for ignoring manufacturers' disclaimers? There is little guidance for local authorities, operators or parents on the transport of pupils with special needs, particularly children who need to travel in a wheelchair. The future impact of proposals to introduce Compulsory Competitive Tendering into the provision of home to school transport in the UK is not clear, but will, as a minimum, require clear specification of the technical standards expected of local authorities and operators. This paper examines current school transport practice in terms of the transport of pupils in wheelchairs both in the UK and in the USA. It examines recent work on this issue by, amongst others, the International Standards Organisation (ISO), the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN), the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), and equipment suppliers. (A) For the covering abstract see IRRD 866413.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 93-100

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00668729
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-86050-260-0
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 16 1994 12:00AM