The authors have been involved in a number of key studies in Merseyside, Tyne and Wear, Lothian, Cleveland and West Yorkshire, acting on behalf of PTEs and local authorities, public transport operators and the Transport Research Laboratory. They have conducted in-depth market research with beneficiaries of free travel concessions, investigating their existing use of public transport and their potential response to its replacement by various restrictions or forms of charging. In some cases it has been possible to test predictions based on this market research work against the outturn when the scheme has been changed to remove the free travel concession. They have also analysed outturns in other areas where charges have been introduced for the first time, and explored various approaches to calculating payments due to operators, both for fares revenue foregone and, in some areas, for the additional costs of carrying passengers generated by the availability of free travel. This paper brings together some results and insights from this broad range of research, indicating where recent experience has supported earlier assumptions, and the extent to which results from one area can validly be transferred for use in other parts of the country. (A) For the covering abstract see IRRD 866258.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 283-98

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00668681
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-86050-259-7
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 16 1994 12:00AM