WHY DO PEOPLE SPEED? THE ROLE OF ATTITUDES AND PERSONALITY
This paper considers some of the many factors that might contribute to fast driving. It then presents some of the author's research on how far attitudes to driving can be understood in terms of basic personality characteristics, and how far both these factors relate to fast driving and accident risk. His 1980s studies indicated links between fast driving and four important dimensions of personality. A recent study examined both personality factors and attitudes to speeding in a mixed urban and rural sample of adult UK drivers. Attitudes to speed were measured, using a specially developed questionnaire. Social deviance was assessed by asking drivers if they would commit specific antisocial actions, if they knew that they would not be caught, and calculating a score based on their responses. It was found that both personality factors and attitudes to driving were related to self-reported driving speed, but that the attitudes were more closely correlated to reports of speeding behaviour. Social deviance and attitudes to speeding indicated accident risk about equally. Preliminary results indicate the possibility of predicting in advance the speeding and accident rates of novice drivers, within six months of them passing a driving test. For the covering abstract see IRRD 866185.
Royal Society for the Prevention of AccidentsCannon House, Priory Queensway
Birmingham B4 6BS, England
- West, R
- Publication Date: 1994
- Pagination: 5 p.
- TRT Terms: Attitudes; Conferences; Crimes; Drivers; Hazards; Personality; Speed limits
- ITRD Terms: 2267: Attitude (psychol); 8525: Conference; 1772: Driver; 1516: Offence; 2258: Personality; 9150: Risk; 624: Speed limit
- Subject Areas: Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies;
- Accession Number: 00668642
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
- Files: ITRD
- Created Date: Nov 16 1994 12:00AM