This paper provides an overview of the problems, proposed solutions and direction for future research concerning the design of vehicles for secondary safety. The paper addresses the issues that are current across a range of different road users, with particular reference to car occupants, pedestrians and motorcyclists. It establishes the state of knowledge and identifies the major outstanding problems of each group. Car occupants are the largest single group of road casualties in Europe and their protection probably consumes the largest portion of most vehicle safety research budgets. The paper discusses issues including the merits of crashworthiness rating scales, the value of airbags compared to other safety measures, current priorities in occupant protection on frontal and side collisions and in rollovers. Collisions with cars are the most common cause of pedestrian injuries and in some EC countries they form 35% of the fatalities. The paper examines the potential that car design can have to reduce pedestrian injuries and indentifies the need for greater implementation of these measures. Many injured pedestrians are children or are elderly and this places special requirements on vehicle design. The paper also discusses options for the protection of motorcyclists; changes in the mandatory requirements for helmet performance; injuries sustained by occupants of goods vehicles and of buses and coaches. For the covering abstract of the conference see IRRD 866319.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 153-73
  • Serial:
    • VTI Rapport
    • Issue Number: 380A PT4
    • Publisher: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
    • ISSN: 0347-6030

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00668534
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 16 1994 12:00AM