TRUCK AND BUS ACCIDENTS: GETTING THE FACTS

A good truck and bus accident data system would provide the federal government with the information it needs to develop regulations relating to commercial driver qualifications, vehicle size and weight, vehicle safety devices, and transportation of hazardous materials. Trucking companies could use the system to evaluate their own safety programs and identify problem vehicles and roadways. States could use the data to: evaluate the effectiveness of roadside safety inspections; make interstate motor carrier safety comparisons, particularly with neighboring states; improve data reporting accuracy through the interstate exchange of reporting experiences; and develop policy options and decisions based on more accurate information. There are two major problems in obtaining national truck and bus accident data. First, states often collect little truck accident data. Second, when states collect accident information, they do so inconsistently. The lack of uniformity among states makes effective interstate data aggregation impossible. A National Governors' Association (NGA) project was initiated in 1987 to: examine the types of motor carrier accidents currently reported, the kinds of data states collect, and data collection procedures; identify critical current and future state and national uses and applications for state motor carrier accident data; and develop policy options for states to consider on motor carrier accident data elements and definitions. NGA project staff were assisted by a Technical Advisory Group (TAG). A pilot study was conducted to test the preliminary definitions and data elements developed in the NGA project. Based on the results of the pilot study, the TAG recommended that states collect twenty-two data elements. Seven elements apply specifically to truck or bus accidents and the remaining fifteen apply to all motor vehicle accidents. The NGA-recommended data elements have been endorsed by several other groups, and NGA staff have cooperated with other research efforts to promote adoption of the accident data elements. Progress toward implementing a new national truck and bus accident database is proceeding on two fronts. First, many states have moved to adopt the NGA-recommended data elements. Second, the Federal Highway Administration is taking steps to establish a database that can accept reports from the states.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Funding for this publication was provided by the Office of Motor Carriers, Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.
  • Corporate Authors:

    National Governors' Association

    444 North Capitol Street
    Washington, DC  United States  20001-1572
  • Authors:
    • Craft, R
    • Dobson, E N
  • Publication Date: 1991

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures;
  • Pagination: 60 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00675255
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 1558771328
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 10 1995 12:00AM