National statistics have been analysed to show recent trends and regional variations in accidents in urban areas: A detailed study has been made in six southern towns with a view to identifying the major problems and putting forward suggestions for remedial measures. Although there are regional variations in the numbers of casualties for different classes of road users reported in urban areas, these are mainly due to differences in traffic composition. There is no evidence to show any large regional difference in accident types and rates for the different classes of road user. Overall the annual number of casualties in towns in all regions equal about 0.6 per cent of the resident urban population. The general pattern of accidents which emerged from the detailed studies in the six towns is conveniently described by distinct areas with different characteristics. Up to a quarter of all accidents in each town occur in its densely trafficked central area covering only a few square kilometres. The remainder are divided between the network of arterial roads, where traffic is heavily concentrated, and the blocks within this network which are residential, served by local distributor roads with relatively low traffic flows. The involvement of different classes of road user, of different types of accident location and the dominant features of accidents are quantified in relation to these areas. Prospects for reducing urban accidents seem likely to cover a variety of action: large scale traffic management and pedestrianisation in central areas, already being implemented in many towns; improved junction and parking control and pedestrian crossing facilities on arterial roads; exclusion of non-access traffic and improved junctions and children's play areas in residential areas; increasing the conspicuity of motorcyclists. (A) /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)

    Wokingham, Berkshire  United Kingdom 
  • Authors:
    • Faulkner, C R
  • Publication Date: 1975

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 36 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00132331
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Suppl Rpt.159 UC R&D Rpt.
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 23 1976 12:00AM