COMMUTING ALTERNATIVES IN THE UNITED STATES: RECENT TRENDS AND A LOOK TO THE FUTURE
Changing demographic and travel behavior characteristics have resulted in significant challenges for transportation decisionmakers, planners, and practitioners throughout the U.S. Commuting in the U.S. has evolved substantially over the past several decades, from the more traditional commute with a majority of destinations in the central business district to new travel patterns where commuting from suburb to suburb has grown to be the dominant commuting pattern. This report was prepared to assist in developing a thorough understanding of recent trends in commuting alternatives in the U.S. Using data from the Census, American Housing Survey (AHS), and the Nationwide Personal Transportation Study (NPTS), general trends in commuting are presented, including those related to mode choice, vehicle occupancy, departure time, travel time, and travel distance. This is followed by a discussion of commuting alternatives, including public transportation, ridesharing, and working at home. Resent trends in the use of each commuting alternative are presented, including the commute share for a series of commuter subgroups characterized by a variety of geographic, demographic, and housing characteristics. A discussion of the future outlook for each of the commuting alternatives also is presented and includes some basic recommendations as to what can be done to maintain, and perhaps increase, the commute mode share of each of the commuting alternatives.
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- Supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation, University Research Institute Program.
National Urban Transit InstituteUniversity of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Avenue
Tampa, FL United States 33620-5350
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Ball, W L
- Publication Date: 1994-12
- Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 116 p.
- TRT Terms: Alternatives analysis; Commuting; Public transit; Ridesharing; Telecommuting; Trend (Statistics); Work trips
- Uncontrolled Terms: Home offices
- Subject Areas: Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Public Transportation; Society;
- Accession Number: 00674042
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Federal Transit Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: NUTI93USF4.1
- Files: NTL, TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
- Created Date: Feb 2 1995 12:00AM