This report summarizes current theory and practice of measuring roadway transportation costs including user, government, environmental, and social costs. It investigates the hypothesis that significant costs are ignored in transport decision making. Twenty costs are defined and discussed, and existing estimates are summarized. "Best Guess" cost values are proposed for 11 travel modes in dollars per vehicle mile under urban peak, urban off-peak, and rural travel conditions. These are used to calculate costs per passenger mile for each mode, providing a structure suitable for policy and planning analysis. The implications of current cost patterns on economic efficiency, economic development, social equity, and land use are explored. Several case studies are used to demonstrate how cost estimates can be applied to specific problems.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Victoria Transport Policy Institute

    1250 Rudlin Street
    Victoria, British Columbia  Canada  V8V 3R7
  • Authors:
    • Litman, T
  • Publication Date: 1994-12-27


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 225 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00674026
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 8 1995 12:00AM