SAFETY IMPACTS OF SELECTED MEDIAN AND ACCESS DESIGN FEATURES. FINAL REPORT
This research investigates the safety of selected median and access design features using reported crash records from multiple years for the State Highway System of Florida. The Florida Department of Transportation's (FDOT's) Roadway Characteristics Inventory (RCI) was used to select systemwide samples of roadways having various design and access features, and then crash records were selected and summarized for these locations. An analysis of over 400 miles of urban roadway samples found a statistically significant positive relationship between crash rate and driveway density, meaning that as driveways per mile increased crashes per million vehicle-miles of travel also increased. This implies that based on safety considerations, direct driveway connections to urban arterials should be minimized. The relationship was not very strong, partly because there are many factors usually contributing to crashes, and partly because driveway traffic volumes would be expected to be a significant factor, but such data are not available in RCI. The crash rates for multi-lane urban arterials that were divided with a median were found to be lower than for those roadways which were undivided. The crash rates for multi-lane urban arterials with restrictive medians were found to be lower than those roadways which had non-restrictive medians. Flush-grass medians appeared to be the preferred median treatment based on safety.
- Project name: Driveway Locations and Safety. This study was funded by the Florida Department of Transportation and the U.S. Department of Transportation's University Transportation Centers Program.
University of Florida, GainesvilleTransportation Research Center, P.O. Box 116580
Gainesville, FL United States 32611-6580
- Long, G
- Gan, C-T
- Morrison, B S
- Publication Date: 1993-5
- Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 128 p.
- TRT Terms: Access; Arterial highways; Crash rates; Crash records; Design; Driveways; Highway safety; Medians; Spacing; Streets
- Uncontrolled Terms: Design features; Driveway density
- Geographic Terms: Florida
- Subject Areas: Design; Highways; Safety and Human Factors; I20: Design and Planning of Transport Infrastructure; I82: Accidents and Transport Infrastructure;
- Accession Number: 00672490
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: WPI 0510606, State Job 99700-7545-010
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jan 4 1995 12:00AM