A COMPARISON OF THE POLICY, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CONTEXTS FOR TELECOMMUTING
Active experimentation with telecommuting in both the United States and Japan is among the most extensive in the world. However, policy, social, and cultural distinctions result in some importnat differences in the way telecommuting is adopted by each country. This paper presents a comparison of the policy, social, and cultural contexts for telecommuting in Japan and the United States. An overview of various types of telecommuting and remote office arrangements is provided, illustrating the diversity of Japanese experimentation with the remote work concept. Reasons for interest in telecommuting are compared, including commute stress, urban growth management, air quality/energy concerns, employee recruitment and retention, savings on office space costs, and disaster response. Cultural barriers to the adoption of telecommuting in Japan are discussed, including the lack of formal job definition, preference for face-to-face communication, the importance of the group, limitations of home-based telecommuting, and others. Operational issues potentially supporting or inhibiting the adoption of telecommuting are also described, including technology, marketing, and training.
- Funding for this study was provided by the Institute of Regional Information Systems, the City of Zushi, and the Satellite Office Symposium of Kanagawa Prefecture.
Davis, CA United States 95616
- Mokhtarian, P
- Sato, K
- Publication Date: 1994-7
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 25 p.
- TRT Terms: Alternatives analysis; Culture (Social sciences); Marketing; Policy; Social factors; Technology; Telecommuting; Training
- Uncontrolled Terms: Cultural barriers
- Geographic Terms: Japan; United States
- Subject Areas: Education and Training; Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Policy; Society; I72: Traffic and Transport Planning;
- Accession Number: 00672471
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: UCD-ITS-RR-94-13
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Dec 30 1995 12:00AM