Exporting of wheat flour is a major activity of the U.S. Flag ocean transportation system. With some few exceptions, all exported wheat flour is handled in bags. Handling flour in bags is expensive for flour millers; inefficient to transport to and handle within ports; creates serious vessel delays during loading and unloading; and results in unsanitary conditions. The standard intermodal container is a well-developed system. A special disposable liner system which allows bulk loading and unloading of flour into intermodal containers was developed and tested as part of the research. Analysis shows that substantial savings in transport and handling cost could be realized. Testing has shown it is feasible to handle flour in bulk in containers. A simulated export shipment resulted in no damage to the flour. The report defines additional development required as well as a pilot program for containerized bulk movement from the U.S. to a developing country bakery.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Lembeck Associates, Incorporated

    8300 College Boulevard
    Overland Park, KS  United States 

    Maritime Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Lembeck, H G
  • Publication Date: 1990-2


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 75 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00672413
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: MA-RD-840-90001
  • Contract Numbers: DTMA91-87-C-70014
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 11 1995 12:00AM