POLICIES TO ABATE POLLUTION FROM MOTOR VEHICLES: AN EVALUATION OF SOME ALTERNATIVES, VOLUME I: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
In general terms, the study examines the cost and the likely consequences for air quality of alternative policies and strategies for the control of pollution from mobile sources. Current policy uses government mandates and rigid standards and timetables in induce firms and individuals to reduce pollution. An alternative policy would use government's taxing and pricing power to provide emission abatement incentives. The specific policy alternatives examined are evaluated in terms of two principal criteria: 1) Costs. We consider both direct and indirect costs including those involving capital and operating expenditures; 2) Effectiveness in Improving Ambient Air Quality. The purpose behind the commitment of resources to pollution control is, of course, to improve the quality of the ambient air and therefore the ability of any given strategy to achieve clear air is a principal measure of its effectiveness. To assess the effects of alternative strategies on air quality, and to evaluate the cost of locally applied retrofit controls, we selected a sample of four metropolitan areas, representative of a range of air quality problems. The pollutants examined in the study include hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides, as well as photochemical oxidants produce by atmospheric reactions involving NOx and HC. Both mobile and stationary sources of the primary pollutants are considered. The study concentrates on light duty vehicles. While this study undertakes to evaluate the cost and effectiveness of alternative policies and strategies, it does not pretend to be a cost/benefit analysis of alternative levels of ambient air quality. From the inception of the investigation, it was decided to make no attempt to measure the benefits associated with cleaner air, or to determine some "optimal" level of air quality.
- Sponsored by Motor Vehicle Manufactureres Association, Inc.
Mathematica, Incorporated14 Washington Road
Princeton, NJ USA 08550
- Publication Date: 1975-7-1
- Features: Figures; Tables;
- Pagination: 14 p.
- TRT Terms: Air quality management; Cost effectiveness; Exhaust gases
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00132177
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Nov 23 1977 12:00AM