SAFETY EFFECTS OF ROAD DESIGN STANDARDS. A STUDY COMMISSIONED BY THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION DG VII OF THE SITUATION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
This report describes the results of a study carried out for the European Union. The report uses the safety principle that: (i) pr road design is crucial to prevent human errors in traffic; and (i less human errors will result in less accidents. The study contai the following parts: (1) gathering information about existing knowledge on the design of road infrastructure elements by: (a) drawing an inventory of international treaties and recommendation with information about their legal status; and (b) drawing an inventory of national road design standards and the underlying knowledge; (2) analysing the role road safety arguments have play when road design standards were compiled; and (3) drawing a 'best practice' for road design standards. Detailed studies were only carried out into: (i) cross-sections including medians, shoulders verges; (ii) motorway exits and entries; (iii) curves in two-lane roads; and (iv) bicycle facilities at intersections. Preliminary considerations are given, for instance, to: the status of the standards, assumptions underlying the standards, and road classification. The study also summarizes the research methods to used, when quantifying the relationship between road design stand accidents and road user behaviour. The study reveals that existin national standards in Europe hardly contain information on the sa effects of the required road designs.
The Hague, Netherlands 2594 AW
- Publication Date: 0
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 72 p.
- TRT Terms: Behavior; Bikeways; Classification; Highway design; Highways; Intersections; Layout; Prevention; Safety; Standardization; Standards
- Geographic Terms: Europe
- ITRD Terms: 1661: Accident prevention; 9001: Behaviour; 8513: Classification; 2722: Cycle track; 8034: Europe; 2755: Highway; 2855: Highway design; 455: Junction; 2885: Layout; 1665: Safety; 187: Specification (standard); 9075: Standardization
- Subject Areas: Highways; Pedestrians and Bicyclists; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies; Terminals and Facilities;
- Accession Number: 00669861
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Institute for Road Safety Research, SWOV
- Report/Paper Numbers: R-94-7,, HS-042 140
- Files: HSL, ITRD,
- Created Date: Dec 23 1996 12:00AM