TRANSPORTATION-RELATED AIR QUALITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN AMERICAN CITIES: 1981-1991

Can urban area economic growth be maintained while reducing transportation-related air pollution? To answer this question trends in transportation-related air pollution, employment, traffic and population are traced for 98 non-attainment U.S. cities over the period 1981-91. Data are analyzed on 18 measures of pollution (ozone and CO), 3 measures of traffic (VMT and roadway miles), 5 measures of economic activity (employment), and 5 measures of climatological circumstances. Cities are ranked in order of progress on reducing air pollution while holding down traffic growth and encouraging economic activity. Simple repeated analysis-of-variance models were used to analyze the data. This paper dispels the myth that economic growth is incompatible with progress in air pollution: the findings suggest that a healthy economic climate creates the fiscal wherewithal to make the technological changes that reduce air pollution.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • A paper prepared for presentation at the 73rd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, January 1994
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of North Carolina, Charlotte

    Center for Interdisciplinary Studies, 9201 University City Boulevard
    Charlotte, NC  United States  28223
  • Authors:
    • Hartgen, D T
    • Martin, W E
    • Reser, A J
  • Publication Date: 1993-7

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 38 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00667817
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 4 1994 12:00AM