THE CHILDREN AND ROAD TRAFFIC

BARN OG TRAFIKK

This report presents the results of a study undertaken at the Norwegian Institute of Urban and Regional Research (NIBR) on the problems of traffic safety for children. The study is based on literature surveys and investigatons of child accidents in residential areas, children's roads to school and institutional conditions in the traffic safety field. The object has been to provide better knowledge on how traffic safety for children can be implemented through measures of a physical, pedagogic and institutional nature. In the introductory chapter, attention is drawn to the fact that among the Scandinavian countries, Norway has the lowest accidnet rate for traffic accidents in general, but the second highest for child accidents (persons under 15 years). It is further pointed out that traffic accidents rank first in the official Norwegian mortality figures for the age group 1-14 years, causing 20% of all deaths in this group. Still, child accidents comprise only a small portion of all traffic accidents in Norway. Of all persons killed and injured, about 17% are under 15 years, whereas this age group consitutes 24.7% of the population. However, attention is drawn to the fact that whereas adults mainly get involved in traffic accidents when driving or riding in motor vehicles, children in 80% of the cases, are run over while walking, bicycling, playing, sledding, etc. (as active traffic participants). If one regards accidents to automobile drivers as a "cost" for increased mobility, one can argue that children are paying a similar "cost" but generally without sharing the benefits of the automobile. In Norway today 50% of all road accidents occur in urban and 50% in rural areas, but the number of accidents in urban areas is growing much faster. Accidents involving pedestrians and bicyclists are typical to urban traffic accidents, and children are over-represented amongst these. Thus every 3rd pedestrian and every 2nd bicyclist killed in 1968 were under 15 years of age. (A)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Utvalg for Trafikksikkerhetsforskning

    Oslo,   Norway 
  • Authors:
    • Arge, N
  • Publication Date: 1971

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 104 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00132073
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Report No. 15
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 29 1977 12:00AM