This article shows how Austrian Federal Railways (OEBB) is implementing a more commercial approach, against a disturbing background of declining traffic, operational losses, and international recession. As from January 1994, it is operating passenger and freight services without direct subsidies from the Austrian Government. This is the final controversial stage of the programme laid down by Austria's 1992 Railways Act, which established OEBB as an independent shareholding entity. The Act initially separates the accounts for OEBB's railway operations and infrastructure. The Government will still provide funds for the development of track and infrastructure, but operations must now cover their full costs. As a result, OEBB has begun negotiating contracts to provide passenger services to the state, provincial governments, and local communities. If they do not pay a commercial price, services may be withdrawn. One possibility would be a national subsidy from a national oil-mineral tax, as in Germany. No major infrastructure changes are planned. Following the New Railway plan started in 1987, and due to continue beyond 2000, new high-speed line construction is the responsibility of HL-AG, a company set up by the Government in 1989. There will be significant upgrading of many existing lines between important cities.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 25-7
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00665276
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Sep 9 1994 12:00AM