This paper summarises the effect worldwide of transport on the environment including energy use, emissions and disposal. Statistics are presented for: a) passenger and freight trends in OECD countries, b) urban transport by mode in industrialised countries, c) trends in car densities in different regions of the world, d) the environmental effects of water, road, rail and air transport, e) increases in world consumption of petrol, f) a comparison of energy consumption between modes, g) increasing vehicle efficiency, h) reductions in the use of leaded petrol, i) nitrogen dioxide levels in selected cities and j) selected countries' emission limits. The problem of used vehicles and tyres is noted. Finally the use of alternative fuels is considered and a table presented comparing their advantages and disadvantages. For the covering abstract see IRRD 863658.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    United Nations

    Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
    30-43 Quai Andre Citroen
    Paris Cedex 15,   France  75739
  • Publication Date: 1993


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 4-6
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00665059
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0378-9993
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Sep 9 1994 12:00AM