LARGE TRUCK SAFETY IN THE U.S.
In contrast to public concern over "killer trucks", large truck fatality and accident rates in the United States are falling, namely: (1) a fatality rate from 3.64/10 (super 8) km in 1976 to 2.31 in 1989; and (2) an accident rate from 2.20/10 (super 6) km in 1979 to 1.53 in 1989. Large truck occupant fatalities decreased 24% from 1976 to 1989, as safety belt use increased from 6% to 40% (and up to 56% in 1991). But the fatality rate remains 70% higher than the rate for passenger cars, because the mass of a truck puts occupants in other vehicles at greater risk. Double trailer combinations are not over represented in fatal accidents, but bobtail tractors are. Large trucks are one-fourth as likely to be involved in a fatal accident on limited-access highways as on other highways, and one-third as likely to have a fatal accident in daytime travel as at night. (A) For the covering abstract of the conference see IRRD 864606.
Washington, DC United States 20590
- SEIFF, H E
- Publication Date: 1993-7
- Features: References;
- Pagination: p. 1257-1265
- TRT Terms: Conferences; Crash rates; Drivers; Fatalities; Highways; Improvements; Safety; Trucks; Vehicle occupants
- Geographic Terms: United States
- ITRD Terms: 1612: Accident rate; 8525: Conference; 1772: Driver; 1602: Fatality; 2755: Highway; 9108: Improvement; 1236: Lorry; 1665: Safety; 8122: USA; 1715: Vehicle occupant
- Subject Areas: Motor Carriers; Passenger Transportation; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00665050
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Institute for Road Safety Research, SWOV
- Files: ITRD, USDOT
- Created Date: Sep 9 1994 12:00AM