SURVEY STUDY OF TECHNIQUES TO PREVENT OR REDUCE DISCHARGES OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS

A program was conducted for the Office of Research and Development, U.S. Coast Guard, to investigate both off-the-shelf and conceptual techniques for preventing or reducing the discharge of hazardous chemicals from an endangered marine vessel or to stop or reduce the discharge from an actual leak. First, approximately 50 methods are/or types of equipment were identified which involved (1) patching or plugging a leak, (2) cargo off-loading, (3) cargo immobilization, or (4) enclosure/containment of the cargo. Next, the compatibility of each of the concepts and equipment with the CHRIS list of hazardous chemicals was determined on a relative basis. This effort was primarily concerned with adverse materials behavior in contact with each CHRIS chemical; however, temperature effects, explosive problems, viscosity, and density were also important parameters depending on the particular concept under consideration. The concepts were then evaluated on the basis of their relative chemical compatibility in combination with overall functionality (e.g. usefulness) and the various types of onsite operations to which they applied. Based on this evaluation, a number of concepts (both off-the-shelf and conceptual) were identified as superior with concurrent recommendations for acquisition or development. (Author)

  • Corporate Authors:

    Battelle Columbus Laboratories

    505 King Avenue
    Columbus, OH  USA  43201
  • Authors:
    • Henderson, N C
    • Srinivasan, S
    • Henkener, J A
  • Publication Date: 1975-8

Media Info

  • Pagination: 84 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00131852
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: USCG-D-184-75
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-CG-23223-A
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 14 1976 12:00AM