WHAT IS A REALISTIC FRONTAL-OFFSET TEST PROCEDURE?

With an increasing number of vehicles satisfying the FMVSS 208 Flat Barrier Impact Test and increasing belt usage, a high reduction of occupant injuries in general and a change from acceleration-induced to intrusion-induced injury mechanism has been observed in Europe. The significance of intrusion-induced injury mechanisms associated with offset frontal impacts is assuming greater importance. Beginning in 1978, in response to this challenge, Mercedes-Benz has emphasized front structural countermeasures that have been found to be effective in the frequent asymmetrical frontal impacts. As an internal test, an offset impact with 40% overlap against a rigid barrier was defined. The relationship between actual accident frontal-overlap damage and barrier-test overlap values is explored in the paper. The results support the view that if a test of this type and associated design countermeasures were adopted by all vehicle manufacturers, a significant reduction of injuries would take place.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Pergamon Press, Incorporated

    Headington Hill Hall
    Oxford OX30BW,    
  • Authors:
    • SCHEUNERT, D
    • JUSTEN, R
    • HERRMANN, R
    • ZEIDLER, F
    • Decker, J
    • KALLINA, I
  • Publication Date: 1994-6

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00664608
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 22 1994 12:00AM