THE OIL POLLUTION ACT OF 1990: AN ANALYSIS
The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 establishes a comprehensive oil spill liability, response and compensation program that consolidates the various federal liability provisions into one statute, without preempting state liability laws or implementing the international oil spill conventions. The Act also prescribes an array of preventive measures and oil spill penalties, and greatly modifies oil spill response activities. This article analyzes the Act in light of its principal objectives. Part I reviews the development of oil spill liability programs from 1970 to the passage of the Oil Pollution Act. Part II reviews particular facets of the new legislation dealing with its liability regime, removal requirements, prevention and penalty measures, relationship with other laws, and claims program. Part III analyzes these measures in light of principal objectives and in the context of certain experiences and lessons derived from the EXXON VALDEZ oil spill in Prince William Sound and from the removal operations that followed.
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- Journal article
- Wagner, T J
- Publication Date: 1990-10
- Pagination: 19 p.
- TRT Terms: Legislation; Oil spills; Prevention
- Subject Areas: Law; Marine Transportation; Security and Emergencies;
- Accession Number: 00661717
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Maritime Technical Information Facility
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jul 21 1994 12:00AM